The second and lower layer of skin, called our dermis, is responsible for giving us our pigment called melanin when over stimulated, can cause excess pigmentation.
The over stimulation of melanin can be caused by excess sun exposure and or hormonal changes and certain medications. This is the brown discolouration some see on the cheeks, chin, forehead and upper lip in a symmetrical pattern. It primarily appears on women but can also appear in men.
Sun exposure is the number one cause of pigmentation, as it’s sunlight that triggers the production of melanin in the first place. Melanin acts as your skin’s natural sunscreen by protecting you from harmful UV rays, which is why people tan in the sun. But excessive sun exposure can disrupt this process, leading to hyperpigmentation.
Hormonal influences are the main cause of a kind of hyper-pigmentation known as melasma or chloasma. It’s particularly common among women, as it’s thought to occur when the female hormones oestrogen and progesterone stimulate the overproduction of melanin when skin is exposed to the sun.
Here at Evolution Laser Clinic we offer several solutions that can improve and rejuvenate the skin. We target superficial pigment and dermal pigment whilst reversing the signs of sun damage and ageing.